Diseases that cause erectile dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction

Men can restore the circulation of blood in the penile artery by using medications (Cialis, Viagra, Levitra).

As of today, organic erectile dysfunction (ED) is the most common type of this potency disorder. This urological disease has a variety of risk factors. Etiology of ED can be associated with various diseases or disorders, including cardiovascular, endocrine, infectious, and neurogenic disorders.

The mechanisms of organic ED development, which is caused by one of these diseases, are:

  • Endothelial function disorder
  • Lowering in the nitric oxide (NO) synthesis
  • Reduction in the elasticity of the vascular walls
  • Violation of blood in the male genitalia.

Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the most common risk factor for ED. In atherosclerosis, hypertension or stroke, blood vessels contract and blood circulation in penile tissues is impaired.

This causes an inability to achieve or maintain a full erection. The circulation of blood in the penile artery can be restored with medication (Cialis, Viagra, Levitra), or with revascularization procedures. The causes of organic ED can also be traumas of the brain or spinal cord, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease or Alzheimer’s disease.

The inability to achieve or maintain the rigidity of the penis in these diseases is associated with:

  • Lack of pressure in the penile arteries and veins

  • Violation of vascular susceptibility to cGMP enzyme

  • Decrease in sensitivity in male genitalia receptors.

Another cause of ED is endothelial dysfunction, which can be caused by metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes mellitus or dyslipidemia. With endothelial dysfunction, blood clotting is accelerated and the release of nitric oxide (NO) is slowed down.

One of the most rare risk factors for organic ED is Peyronie’s disease, in which the penis deforms and loses its rigidity. In rare cases, potency disorders can be caused by nerve damage or trauma to the hip area.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can indirectly cause organic ED.

This is due to the fact that these two urological diseases have similar development mechanisms. In addition, potency violation can be caused by certain methods of the BPH treatment. Other causes of organic erectile dysfunction include various endocrine (hormonal) diseases, such as Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, or acromegaly.

Damage to the hypothalamus or primary hypogonadism can cause a deficiency of testosterone, which can cause potency disorder. Testosterone injections are often used to treat ED that is caused by these hormonal diseases.

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