Mechanisms of sexual arousal in men and women

Mechanisms of sexual arousal

Excitation is the initial cycle phase of a person’s sexual reaction. The differences between the male and female mechanisms of sexual arousal have been studied by scientists for a long time.

A lot of medical research were carried out on this topic. As a result, it was established that the sexual arousal mechanism in both genders involves a combination of a number of physiological and emotional changes.

Moreover, the excitement of men and women is not limited to the sexual organs alone, and also includes changes in the entire body, mainly in the circulatory system and in the muscles. Significant differences in the sexual arousal mechanism of women and men were not found.

From the point of view of the physiological processes that take place in the body during excitation, we can distinguish the following phases:

1. Rush of blood into the pelvic area.

The first phase is characterized by the manifestation of the first excitation signs:

  • In men, it is a penile erection.

  • In women, it is an erection of the clitoris and the vagina moisturizing.

2. Increase in neuromuscular tension.

Signs that manifest at the second phase of the sexual arousal are:

  • Heart and breathing rates increase

  • Goosebumps appear on the skin

  • Pupils dilate

  • Blood pressure increases.

It is known that both men and women go through the same phases of sexual arousal. However, as the researchers established, the time of onset and duration of each separate sexual arousal phase may differ in men and women.

Excitation phase in women is slower than that of men. Often, it is the longest phase of a female sexual reaction and can last from ten minutes to several hours.

For a woman, the sense of attachment to a partner, the situation, and the stimulation of her erogenous zones is of great importance. Therefore, longer stimulation with caresses may be required before the state of sexual preparedness comes.

In men, sexual arousal mechanism can be triggered even if only visual stimuli are present. Men like certain visual stimuli, such as nudity images, sexy underwear or unpredictable situations more, compared to women.

Typically, the excitation phase in men comes quickly, within a few seconds after a mental or physical stimulus, and can persist up to two minutes.

Studies of the differences between the male and female mechanisms of sexual arousal continue. With certainty, it can be said that the phase of sexual arousal in both men and women is an important link in the cycle of sexual reaction and the physiological process of preparing the body for sexual intercourse.